Water Softening by Nanofiltration – Case Study

Authors

  • Ognjen Govedarica University of Belgrade – Faculty of Civil Engineering, Kralja Aleksandra Blvd. 73, 11000 Belgrade
  • Vladan Rajaković-Ognjanović University of Belgrade – Faculty of Civil Engineering, Kralja Aleksandra Blvd. 73, 11000 Belgrade
  • Branislava Lekić University of Belgrade – Faculty of Civil Engineering, Kralja Aleksandra Blvd. 73, 11000 Belgrade
  • Branislav Babić University of Belgrade – Faculty of Civil Engineering, Kralja Aleksandra Blvd. 73, 11000 Belgrade

Keywords:

Drinking water, hardness, ion exchange, membrane technologies, nanofiltration

Abstract

In this research the object of the analysis was the improvement of a drinking water treatment plant       with groundwater as the drinking water source. Improvements included the removal of magnesium and manganese. Improvements also mean choosing the proper water treatment technology that would meet the standards for drinking water quality. Technologies that are suitable for removal of these ions vary in many aspects, from technological challenges to cost analysis. After thorough analysis, the right choice, in this case, was a two-stage nanofiltration (NF) which has a removal rate of more than 90%. The analysis also included a detailed cost analysis.

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Published

2019-12-01

How to Cite

Govedarica, O., Rajaković-Ognjanović, V., Lekić, B., & Babić, B. (2019). Water Softening by Nanofiltration – Case Study. Water Research and Management, 9(3-4), 43–50. Retrieved from http://wrmjournal.com/index.php/wrm/article/view/268

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Articles