Implementing IWRM Especially for Transition Countries, 7th World Water Forum, April 12-17 2015, Daegu & Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea [Professional Communication]

Miodrag Milovanović1, Marijana Miletić-Radić1

 

 

1 Jaroslav Černi Institute for the Development of Water Resources, 80 Jaroslava Černog 80, 11226 Belgrade, Serbia; E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

 

Abstract

Serbia belongs to the group of so-called countries in transition. Transition countries are those undergoing rapid systemic, social and economic changes. In virtually all transition countries, such changes give rise to a series of adverse circumstances (growing public debt, need to implement a large number of capital projects in the water sector, declining capacity of government institutions, and weakening and disintegration of scientific, research and professional organizations in the field of water), leading to enormous problems in the entire water sector. This necessitates careful consideration at the highest level and, as a result, WSDAC – UNESCO Category II Center: Water for Sustainable Development and Adaptation to Climate Change and Jaroslav Černi Institute for the Development of Water Resources (JCI), organized a session titled: Implementing IWRM Especially for Transition Countries, under the theme SMART Implementation of IWRM, at the 7th World Water Forum held in South Korea in April 2015.

Keywords: Transition countries, water governance, sustainable development, Integrated Water Resources Management, World Water Forum.

 

Introduction

The World Water Forum is the largest and most important international event in the field of water, held every three years since 1997. It is organized by the World Water Council with the goal of mainstreaming water-related topics on a global scale, as well as improving the water status and order worldwide. The mission of the World Water Forum is to bring politicians and decision-makers closer to water experts and water users, and to raise public awareness about the importance of water for the future of mankind, through active participation and exchange of ideas and experiences relating to issues and challenges, but to also address new achievements, technologies and solutions that could be implemented in the field. Given that the 7th World Water Forum (7WWF), held in the South Korean cities of Daegu and Gyeongbuk from 12 to 17 April 2015, highlighted the implementation of previously identified solutions, the creation of conditions for permanent communication and establishment of a nexus between scientists, engineers, economists and other specialists at different levels, on the one hand, and politicians and decision-makers in the field of water management, on the other hand, it served as a platform for promoting innovation and responding to water sector challenges. A contributing factor was the fact that many potentially significant solutions, not only related to science and technology, but also to social and economic aspects associated with challenges in the field of water, are not being implemented due to inadequate political, economic, scientific and technical synchronization of the decision-making process.

The backbone of the 7th World Water Forum was a thematic process through which different interested parties, such as governments, academic circles, research institutes, corporations and the civil society, discussed a broad range of topics relevant to the water sector. The process was comprised of thematic and concluding sessions. One of the very important themes was 3.4. SMART Implementation of IWRM, which included the following sessions:

3.4.1 Integrated joint management of rivers, lakes and aquifers at local, national and transboundary basins level, by UNESCO and INBO

3.4.2 Implementing IWRM especially for transition countries, by WSDAC and JCI

3.4.3 Catchment approach for decentralization of integrated water resource management, by UNESCO and K-Water

3.4.4 Knowledgebase for IWRM, by NARBO

3.4.5 IWRM Directions for the post-2015 development agenda, by GWP

The session titled Implementing IWRM Especially for Transition Countries was designed and held on the initiative of UNESCO Category II Center: Water for Sustainable Development and Adaptation to Climate Change (WSDAC) and Jaroslav Černi Institute for the Development of Water Resources (JCI). The intent was to contribute to a further and deeper global discussion on water governance issues of transition countries. The session was chaired by Professor Dr. Milan Dimkić, director of JCI and WSDAC. Renowned water experts took part and presented water management experiences from different regions and different perspectives.