Steps Towards Integrated Water Management in the Sava River Basin

 Momir Paunović1, Samo Grošelj2, Radmila Milačić3, Stjepan Grđan4, Tea Zuliani3, Iva Vidaković5, Ivan Vučković5, Jelena Vićanović6, Janez Ščančar3, Jarmila Makovinska7, Emilia Mišíková Elexová7 and Miroslav Očadlík7

 

1 Institute for Biological Research "Siniša Stanković", University of Belgrade, Bulevar Despota Stefana 142, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia

2 International Sava River Basin Commission, Kneza Branimira 29, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

3 Department of Environmental Science, Jožef Štefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

4 IGEA d.o.o., Frana Supila 7b, 42000 Varaždin, Croatia

5 Elektroprojekt d.d., Alexandera von Humboldta 4, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

6 Public Company "Vode Srpske", Miloša Obilića 51, 76300 Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina

7 Water Research Institute/VUVH, Nábrežie arm. gen. L. Svobodu 5, 81249 Bratislava 1, Slovakia

 

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to review data and activities related to water management within the Sava River Basin and contribute to more effective management practices within the basin. The particular focus was given to monitoring of ecological status, availability of biological data and the design of a biological database as part of an information system established within the frame of activity of the International Sava River Basin Commission. The main goal is to provide the basis for establishment of basin wide actions for cooperation on data collection and effective sharing of information. Based on the review of the development of routine water quality monitoring procedures and ecological status assessment methodology within the Sava River Basin, it can be concluded that during the last ten years considerable progress has been achieved. There is a general lack of high quality data needed for river basin management planning within the SRB. This is specifically the case for biological data. Combining results on measurements of biological and parameters with physico-chemical, chemical and hydromorphological parameters, is of crucial significance for the decision making process in water management. The proposal of a conceptual database for biological records was also presented as a basic step for designing a functional information system for environmental data.

Keywords: Sava River Basin, water management practice, international cooperation, biological data, water quality, ecological status.

 

Sediment Transport Processes in Rivers

Pressures to aquatic ecosystems are becoming more and more pronounced with the growing needs of human society. The level and diversity of pressures are not the only consequence of constant production growth, but also a reflection of the dynamics of changes in industry and production of new substances. In order to properly react and protect the aquatic ecosystems, the effective and adaptable management practice is needed. It has to be in line with the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD, Directive 2000/60/EC). Moreover, understanding of large, complex river systems such as the Sava River Basin (SRB) is an important task in setting up effective water management, including the protection of aquatic ecosystems. Natural and socio-economic heterogeneity greatly contributes to management complexity of this transboundary river basin.

Providing accurate information is of crucial importance in order to provide successful water management solutions. The aim of this paper is to briefly review available data and activities related to water management and to offer the ideas that could contribute to the more effective management practices within the basin.

Particular focus was given to monitoring of ecological status, availability of biological data and the design of a biological database as part of an information system established within the frame of activity of the International Sava River Basin Commission (ISRBC). The main goal is to provide the basis for establishment of basin wide actions for cooperation on data collection and effective sharing of information. Taking advantage of the rich natural, cultural and human resources, effective and harmonized planning could be a policy driver and governance innovator fostering European integration among countries in the SRB.

The details on transboundary cooperation within the SRB are presented by Komatina and Grošelj (2015). The effective collaboration of countries and institutions in the area covered by the study is the basic precondition for integrated management of water resources and all basin wide actions. In the SRB, the cooperation framework has been provided by the development of the Framework Agreement on the Sava River Basin (FASRB) and the establishment of the International Sava River Basin Commission (ISRBC), as a joint body with responsibility to coordinate the implementation of the FASRB.