No. 2

Integrated Tisza River Basin Management Plan

 

Marieke van Nood1, Péter Kovács2, Peter Whalley3, Diana Heilmann4, Miodrag Milovanović5, Emilia Kunikova6, Graziella Jula7, Alexei Iarochevitch8
1 Co-chair of the ICPDR Tisza Group (DG Environment-European Commission)
2 Co-chair of the ICPDR Tisza Group (Hungarian Ministry of Rural Development)
3 Project Manager of the UNDP/GEF Tisza Project (ICPDR)
4 Project Technical Assistant of the UNDP/GEF Tisza Project (ICPDR)
5 National Expert (Jaroslav Černi Institute, Serbia)
6 National Expert (Slovak Water Research Institute)
7 National Expert (National Administration “Romanian Waters”)
8 National Expert (Centre for Water & Environmental Projects, Ukraine)

Abstract

At the beginning of 2011, countries within the Tisza River Basin adopted the first Integrated Tisza River Basin Management Plan (ITRBM Plan). The ITRBM Plan compiles the results of seven years of work of the Tisza Group, which is an expert group of the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR). The ITRBM Plan - technically and financially supported by the countries of the Tisza River Basin, the European Commission and the UNDP/GEF Tisza Project (ICPDR, 2011) - is one of the first river basin management plans that responds to EU Water Framework Directive objectives, takes into account the ICPDR Flood Action Programme, and reflects the principles of Integrated Water Resources Management (GWP, 2000). The ITRBM Plan introduces an updated and comprehensive analysis of pressures from pollution, river engineering works, floods and droughts. Furthermore, it provides an overview of the status of waters in the Tisza River Basin, and identifies the measures needed to reach good water status by 2015, as required by the EU Water Framework Directive.
Keywords: Tisza River Basin, River Basin Management Plan, Water Framework Directive

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FAO’s Water Programme - Coping with Water Scarcity

Jean-Marc Faurès1 and Radisav Pavlovic2
1 Senior Water Resources Management Officer, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
2 Former FAO staff member, presently with: Jaroslav Černi Institute for the Development of Water Resources, Jaroslava Černija 80, 11226 Beograd; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract

FAO helps developing countries and countries in transition modernize and improve their agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, and ensure good nutrition for all. As agriculture alone consumes 70 percent of all freshwater appropriated for human use on our planet, conservation of water and its sustainable use in agriculture is among FAOs main concerns. Within its water programme, the Organization promotes the sustainable use of water resources for agriculture and food production. In a context of increasing water scarcity, it promotes an integrated approach which takes into account all possible response options that encompass both supply enhancement options and demand management options. Of particular importance is the improvement of water productivity in agriculture, i.e. increase of production per unit of water used.

FAO works at three levels: knowledge management and dissemination (including water statistics), policy advice and technical support to countries, which are outlined in this paper. FAO focuses on water scarcity, driving forces behind it, and the framework to cope with it. Major on-going activities in the field of water are briefly presented. Finally, FAO’s global Information System on Water and Agriculture (AQUASTAT) is presented in more detail, including its various databases, most of which are available on line.

Key words: Water scarcity, agriculture, irrigation, FAO, agricultural water management, AQUASTAT.

 

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Certain Implications of Oxic Conditions in Alluvial Groundwater

Milan Dimkić1, Milenko Pušić2, Brankica Majkić-Dursun1, Vesna Obradović1

1 Jaroslav Černi Institute for Development of Water Resources, 80 Jaroslav Černi Str., 11226 Pinosava - Belgrade, Serbia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
2 Faculty for Mining and Geology, Department for Hydrogeology, 7 Djusina Str., 11000 Belgrade, Serbia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract

Alluvial deposits are important bearers of groundwater, which is used for potable water supply. The bank filtration method has an important application in groundwater production. The greatest significance for the baseline quality and transformation of groundwater in these aquifers, from the river to the well, is its degree of oxicity. This paper gives an overview of the processes which define the baseline quality and transformation of groundwater quality, the conditions of oxicity and the biochemical processes of nitrification and denitrification, reduction and oxidation of iron and manganese, and reduction and oxidation of sulfur. Oxic conditions also determine the character and rate of well ageing in alluvial aquifers. Testing in wells of the Belgrade groundwater source indicates a dominant process of clogging with iron deposits. Changes in local hydraulic resistance in well screens, which appear as a result of clogging, are linked to the causes, i.e. the main indicators: the redox potential and the content of ferrous iron. Also, the conclusion is that long-term operation and design of wells in anoxic groundwater is dependant on biochemical processes. For wells in conditions of high oxicity, filtration stability and maintaining a laminar regime of groundwater filtration are important criteria.

Keywords: groundwater, alluvial aquifer, groundwater oxicity, well ageing

 

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Assessment of the Microbiological Quality of the River Tisa in Serbia

Stoimir Kolarević1, Jelena Knežević-Vukčević1, Momir Paunović2, Zoran Gačić3, Branka  Vuković-Gačić1

1 University of Belgrade, Chair of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
2 University of Belgrade, Institute for Biological Research  ¨Siniša Stanković¨,
3 University of Belgrade, Institute for Multidisciplinary Research

Abstract

Microbiological examination of river water is obligatory for use-related purposes such as drinking water production, irrigation and recreation. To evaluate the present state of water quality, samples of water and sediment taken from three sites on the River Tisa were analyzed. By applying standard procedures for an assessment of sanitary quality and organic load, a total of 16 parameters were analyzed. The results of analyses indicated that water quality was unsatisfactory at all sampling sites.

Key words: Microbiological quality, sanitary pollution, the River Tisa

 

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Water Quality Assessment Based on the Macroinvertebrate Fauna - the Pcinja River Case Study

Slavevska-Stamenković Valentina1, Paunović Momir2, Miljanović Branko3, Kostov Vasil4, Ristovska Milica1 and Miteva Donka1

1 Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics, Institute of Biology, P.O. Box 162, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
2 Institute for Biological Research, 142 Despota Stefana Boulevard, 11060 Belgrade, Serbia
3 Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics, Institute of Biology, Novi Sad, Serbia
4 Institute of Animal Science - Fisheries Department, Ile Ilievski 92-a, 1000 Skopje, R. of Macedonia

Abstract

The aim of the current study was a rapid assessment of the ecological status of the river Pcinja, based on macroinvertebrate fauna. During the summer period of 2009, hydrobiological research was conducted at eight sampling sites along the entire river course. Severe deterioration of the water quality was detected at the mouth of the Kumanovska River (the right tributary of the Pcinja River). Although family level assessment was applied, the assessment results were found to be satisfactory. The presented approach (using a standardised sampling methodology and selected indices) represents an attempt aimed at contributing to the upgrading of the water quality monitoring practice in the Republic of Macedonia. Analyses of selected family level indices for macroinvertebrates indicates that the procedure could be used for status assessment of small to medium size rivers in Macedonia, but certain modification is needed to improve the resolution of metrics.
Keywords: macroinvertebrates, water status, EPT, BMWP, ASPT, Pcinja River, Republic of Macedonia.

 

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